Understanding Cardiac Terminologies

When the word Cardiac is mentioned, it usually has anything and everything to do or related to, situated near or acting on the heart. Without your heart, your body quickly ceases to work. The heart pumps the blood, which there in carries all the vital materials which are needed for our bodies function and removes the unwanted and deoxygenated blood. A regular checkup with a heart specialist in India can warn you before it’s too late.

Know the types!

  1. Coronary Heart Disease (CHD): A disease of the blood vessels supplying the heart muscle that can lead to a heart attack, CHD is the most prevalent heart disease.
  2. Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke): A stroke is caused when the supply of oxygen to a part of the brain stops. When a stroke is caused due to a clogged artery or a blood clot in the heart or some other part of the body it is called an ischemic stroke.
  3. Hypertensive Heart Disease: Hypertensive heart disease refers to coronary artery disease, heart failure, and enlargement of the heart that occurs because of high blood pressure, which increases the pressure in blood vessels. As the heart pumps against this pressure, it must work harder causing the heart muscle to thicken and the left ventricle to become enlarged.
  4. Congenital Heart Disease: It is a defect in the structure of the heart and great vessels of a newborn. It is a result of abnormal fetal heart development.

Know the terms!

We know how heart specialist doctor in Dibrugarh can use terms that jump right off our heads. Here are some of the terminologies that will save you from a whole lot of confusion!

Aerobic Exercise — Activity which requires continuous rhythmic muscle contraction of the legs and/or arms.

Angiogram Test was done by injecting contrast dye into a body organ to observe the heart or systemic circulation.

Anticoagulant — Medicine which delays clotting of the blood.

Atherosclerosis — Hardening of the arteries caused by a buildup of lipids

Blood Pressure — Force that flowing blood exerts against artery walls.

Cardiac Arrest — Occurs when the heart stops beating and the circulation of blood ceases.

Cardiomyopathy — Disease of the heart muscle that reduces the ability of the heart to pump enough blood.

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Emergency measure used by one or two people to try to revive a person whose heart and breathing have stopped.

Congestive Heart Failure — Condition in which the heart is unable to pump enough blood.

Echocardiogram Test in which pulses of sound are sent into the body, and the echoes returning from the surfaces of the heart produce images that are recorded.

Heart Block — Condition which results in a block or a slowing of the electrical impulses which travel through the heart.

Haemorrhage — Profuse loss of blood or bleeding.

Hypertension High blood pressure.

Hypotension Low blood pressure.

Sinus Rhythm Normal heart rhythm.

Tachycardia — Fast heart rate. Generally any rate above 100 beats per minute.

Thrombosis — Formation of a blood clot (thrombus) inside a cavity of the heart or blood vessel.

The growth of heart diseases is dependent on a number of interlinked factors such as ageing, changing lifestyles and food habits, and other rapidly evolving socioeconomic determinants across developing nations. All these factors together create a domino effect, resulting in increased incidence of cardiovascular diseases. Government, Industry, and Community all need to step up to try composed and purposeful cardiac services towards enhancing administration conveyance, financing and framework to give reasonable and open social insurance to battle the developing weight of CVDs in India.